Creative thinking and problem-solving with SCAMPER
You had a few good ideas at the start of your brainstorm session. The problem now is how to make them great.
This situation calls for SCAMPER.
The SCAMPER technique is one of the easiest and most direct methods for creative thinking and problem-solving through a number of techniques or question types: (S) substitute, (C) combine, (A) adapt, (M) modify, (P) put to another use, (E) eliminate and (R) reverse. These types can be used to explore problems from seven perspectives. This holistic technique helps you reach the best decision which fuels innovation and creativity.
How does SCAMPER work?
SCAMPER lets you poke and play with an idea to improve it or come up with more creative ideas. To simplify, SCAMPER is asking 7 different types of ‘what if’ questions.
What if I replace this with _______?
What if I combined this with _______?
What if I applied this on_______?
What if I modify/distort this _______?
Shape, size, colour, texture
Put to another use
What if I use this as a/an_______?
What if I remove this?
What if I reorder this? What if I reverse the order?
Here’s an illustration of how SCAMPER is applied in a consumer market scenario. Let’s take a break – KitKat.
Substitute chocolate flavour with milk
Combine fruit /peanut flavour
Adapt inside an ice cream
Modify and make it bigger
Put to another use to make a drink
Eliminate and keep to a single bar
Rearrange, cut to pieces for bite-size delights.
The SCAMPER technique is not limited to developing or improving a product. You can use it freely on any branch of design, be it graphics or digital.
Now that you know how it works, here’s the fun part. Let me demonstrate how to apply SCAMPER by crafting some ads using some of Singapore’s iconic signs and symbols.
Durex — A protected place
Use substitution to replace the civilian with cells.
Singapore Police — Unite 2017
Use combine to add the iconic “shop theft is a crime” standee with DC heroes.
Dyson — Keeping your air clean
Use eliminate to make the Singapore Flyer look like a bladeless fan.
UBER Pool — Share the ride, split the cost
Use modify to create a taller SBS Transit bus.
Armour All Carwash — We help the nation sparkle with pride
Use adapt to place the Merlion in a carwash context.
Scott — Ultra-soft Jumbo Chope
Use “Put to another use” and replaced the tissue packet with tissue rolls.
Health Promotion Board — Danger Keep Out!
Use adapt to show the danger sign in a “healthy lifestyle” context.
With SCAMPER you can say goodbye to twiddling thumbs in your next brainstorm session.
This article was first published on Medium.